Orkney Islands Coast Guide
Situated only a few miles off of the north Scotland coast, across the Pentland Firth, lie the Orkney Islands. A group of around 70 islands, most of which are uninhabited; which provides an ideal situation for abundant wildlife. The largest island is Mainland, on which most of the population of 9500 live.
Island of Hoy
For details of Orkney Hotels and Holidays, Guest Houses, Cottages and to visit Attractions. Go to Orkney Hotels Guest Houses and Attractions
There are only two towns of any size on the islands and these are Stromness and Kirkwall both of which are on Mainland, the largest island. The main industry of the islands is crab and lobster fishing, so as you can imagine there are some fine seafood restaurants around. The other major industry is tourism, which is thriving. The coast is spectacular and you will need your camera and walking boots.
To the south of Mainland is the island of Hoy which is the second largest in the group and is also the highest. There are spectacular coast views at St John's Head where the cliffs tower 350 meters above the pounding sea. The islands best known sight however is the Old Man of Hoy, a sea stack that rises some 140 meters out of the sea. In all there are around ten sea stacks in the Orkneys and these are very popular with climbers. To the south of the island there is a lighthouse at Tor Ness and views back to the UK mainland.
South Ronaldsay is linked to Mainland by a road, the A961, which crosses the island Burray and two artificial barriers. These barriers are constructed from old ships and concrete blocks and were placed between the islands during the Second World War on the orders of Winston Churchill to afford more protection to the Navy ships moored in Scarpa Flow.
Scarpa Flow is the stretch of water that is enclosed 360 degrees by the Orkney Islands, because of this geography it has been used as a natural harbour since Viking times. It was from here that the British fleet sailed out to engage the German fleet in May 1916 at the Battle of Jutland. After the war much of the remaining German fleet were interned at Scarpa Flow until on 21 June 1919 the fleet scuttled itself on the orders of Admiral von Reuter. Although many of the ships were later salvaged there are still around ten shipwrecks in the area, including the battleship Markgraf and the cruisers, Karlsruhe and Dresden. Today this is a very popular diving site as the ships wrecks act as natural reefs and attract a lot of marine life.
Ferries operate from Kirkwall to the northern islands of Rousay, Westray, Eday, Sanday, Stronsay, Shapinsay and North Ronaldsay; but not to the other sixty islands - you have to row yourself to these! Sanday has the best beaches in the Orkneys with sparkling white sand and azure seas - when the sun shines! British Airways operate flights to several of the northern islands.
Places to visit around Orkney
Orkney Marine Life Aquarium - Pool Farmhouse, Grimness, Orkney, Orkney KW17 2TH Tel: 01856 831700
Tomb of the Eagles - A 5000 year old tomb - Liddle Farm, St Margarets Hope, Orkney, Orkney KW17 2RW Tel: 01856 831339
Orkney Fossil & Vintage Centre - Viewforth, Burray, Orkney, Orkney KW17 2SY Tel: 01856 731255
Orkney Ferries - Operate to thirteen of the inner islands - Shore Street, Kirkwall, Orkney, KW15 1LG | tel:01856 872044
Tourist Information Centre - 6 Broad Street - Kirkwall - Orkney KW15 1NX Telephone: 01856 872 856 Fax: 01856 875 056
Map of the Orkney Islands and Scottish coast
View Larger Map
Other sections of the guide you might also enjoy - see below.
We will bring you feature articles about the coastline and news items about life in the coastal area. contributions to this section are welcome.
Attractions - see listings pages
A huge selection of attractions are available within the coastal area and this section will have details of many of them. From piers and harbours to fun fairs and roller coasters, the listings will have details of what's available in your chosen area. For details of attractions look in the resort pages.
The National Marine Aquarium - Plymouth
Whether your idea of an ideal activity is sunbathing or you prefer something more strenuous, the chances are that you will be able to pursue this at the coast. There is a wide selection of activities that can be found on our coastline - these range from a gentle stroll to the next bay, to swimming and snorkelling, to more energetic activities such as sailing, surfing, windsurfing and kite sailing. See Activities section.
Pubs, restaurants and shopping guide
The listings section will also have details of pubs, restaurants, nightclubs and shops available in the locality. Restaurants and shops coming soon.....
The Beach Pub - Exmouth